The authors of this paper conducted an insightful and comprehensive analysis of the costs, risks, and potential harms involved in the pursuit of ever-larger language models. They identified three categories of costs of developing ever-larger LMs: environmental costs that are most likely to fall on marginalized populations; financial costs that…

Measurement and Fairness, Abigail Z. Jacobs, Hanna Wallach, FAccT 21

In this paper, Jacobs and Wallach did an excellent job expositing the measurement modeling process of unobservable theoretical constructs, how that process necessarily involves making assumptions that potentially introduce mismatch between the construct and its operationalization, and how these mismatches…

Yexing Sha

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